It stands for Hypertext Markup Language. Hypertext, because it can allows sections of text to be connected by links. Markup, because it specifies the layout and style of a page, and Language because it has a grammar and syntax that must be followed.
HTML is the standard markup language used to create web pages and its elements form the building blocks of all websites.
It is a text-based language and its commands are stored in a text file usually with the extension .html or .htm
If the file is opened in a browser, the commands are interpreted by the browser resulting in a rendered web page.
HTML markup commands allow an author to include the following in a web page
- Text, images, headings, tables, lists
- Online forms for sending data to the server
- Media objects such as video and sound
- Hyperlinks to jump to other web pages or even parts of its own page
Development of HTML is ongoing and the organising body is the W3C consortium.
It is now in its 5th major revision. This revision is called HTML 5
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Click on this link: What is HTML